Chanchai Kanchanabhandhu, Seree Woraphong. "A Model of solid Waste Management Based Multilateral Co-operation in Semi-Urban Community." Intternational jouurnal of Environmental and science education2016, Vol. 11, no. 12, 5762-5775 (2016): 14. Accessed 22 june 2016.
Due to excessive garbage and solid waste, our environment is paying a heavy debt. Therefore, a young environmentalist like Chanchai Kanchabhandu could play their vital role in enlightening the general public about the trauma they are facing. A Doctoral Graduate in Environmental Education Program, Department of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mahidol University, Thailand research fellow. While the other contributor Seree Woraphong who is Director of Ph.D. Program in Environmental Education, Department of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mahidol University, Thailand. With such an immense experience about environmental condition much could be acquire from their piece of writings. It is a reliable source as it has gone through a proper channel of peer reviewing.
The source states about the Lateral cooperation concepts which finds its roots back in 1992 when first introduced by Dr. Parwase Wasi. At that time when ‘five-party co-operation’ concept reigned. So, the people from all parts plan, investigate and solve the problem. Environmental education process focuses on the promotion of attitude, behavior and value concerning maintenance, problem solution and development of the environment and life quality of human. In order to conduct this research the methodology follows questionnaires, in- depth interviews and efficiency evaluation. For this purpose different test were conducted and statistically a result was generated on favor. Its specific objectives were to 1) study the waste situation and involvements of 5774 C. KANCHANABHANDHU AND S. WORAPHONG community in waste management in Wangtaku Sub-district, Muang District, Nakhon Pathom Province; 2) develop a mode of solid waste management based on multilateral cooperation in the semi-urban community of Wangtaku Sub-district; and 3) evaluate the efficiency of the model. The idea of focus group discussion with the leaders of all parts is an interesting way to collect the knowledge as being mentioned in one of the activities.
The purpose of source is to develop a model solid waste management which should be brought to practice with other semi- urban communities. The source seems to be quite proficient as it brought upon a pristine concept of solving this long talked issue. The source is evidently pointing towards environmental degradation and clarifying the issue that how can we elucidate it. The author here is trying to put an idea of developing a model solid waste management authority but his arguments were a bit vivid yet compulsive enough.
The source exquisitely indicate the environmental concerns followed by an amazing methodology to ponder upon. The above attached source would be very valuable in the research as it gives environmental education concept but most importantly gives the concept of a Model of Solid Waste Management Based Multilateral Co-operation in Semi-urban Community.
Baseline study for Solid waste managament_Karachi. Seperate Tropical techniqal report. Karachi: United Nations (ESCAP), 2012. Accessed 13 March 2012.
It’s a baseline survey which is conducted by ESCAP and its partners which undertakes solid waste assessments in all cities. The findings from these surveys provide critical information that helps in thought provoking initiatives towards these issues. As UNESCAP is the regional development arm of United Nation for Asia and Pacific region. So, the surveys conducted through this platform are noteworthy.
The main purpose behind this survey is to determine the quantity and composition of solid waste generated from households which form the largest proportion in the solid waste. The main objectives of this study are to determine household waste storage methods, social and cultural habits towards waste hygiene and cleanliness and also the roles of household members in managing waste, segregation of waste. The source clearly expose the current solid waste management system of the city. The source quite clearly points out towards the concerned authorities, what is their role and until now and what they are doing. It also explains the generation of household solid waste materials which vary in low, average and high income areas. Therefore, it’s a source which provides statistical information over generation of waste.
This source is quite indulging as it finds its roots deep in human behavior while generation of waste in households. It can easily talk to other sources as it can be easily cited for any scholarly article because this survey is efficiently conducted on generation of solid waste materials.
All told, I think it’s a worthy source because it being quite effectively summarizing the type of solid wastes generated and especially the amount of solid wastes in respect to low income, average income and high income areas. While at the same time this survey encourages us to take some fresh initiatives like developing of new Landfill sites, source segregation should be adopted while illegal dumping of solid wastes in drains can be avoided through awareness programs. So, in a nutshell this survey exhibits the current situation of the city.
While going this process of articulating an annotated bibliography, the next move would be to conduct a face to face interview with an environmentalist who got a bit of expenditure of foreign ways of dealing with environmental problems. So, in this regards I am soon going to interview one such environmentalist who in past served in Cantonment board, Karachi. It would be kind of him to help as he saw the initiative behind this move.
By the completion of second bibliography I was aware with the ways of doing it. So as far it goes I am reviewing some scholarly articles and my interview is expected on Tuesday. While I’ve also been going through a website from last week to summarize some conclusive points. Therefore, I am on the verge of completing the annotated bibliography within due limit.